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October 18

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October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 74 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

  • 320Pappus of Alexandria observes a solar eclipse.
  • 614 – The Edict of Paris defends the rights of the Frankish nobles and restricts Jewish employment.
  • 629Dagobert I is crowned King of the Franks.
  • 1009 – Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah demolishes the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
  • 1016 – Cnut the Great completes his conquest of England in the Battle of Assandun.
  • 1081 – Byzantine–Norman wars: The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
  • 1244 – The Khwarazmian Turks and Egypt defeat Damascus and the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem at the Battle of La Forbie.
  • 1356 – The Basel earthquake is the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps.
  • 1540 – Spanish conquistadors destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
  • 1561 – In Japan, the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima was fought between the forces of Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen, resulting in a draw.
  • 1565 – Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture a Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.
  • 1599 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
  • 1748 – The signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
  • 1797 – The Treaty of Campo Formio between France and Austria, among other provisions, abolishes the Republic of Venice.
  • 1851Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale.
  • 1860 – The Second Opium War ends at the Convention of Peking.
  • 1867 – The United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • 1898 – Spanish–American War: The Puerto Rican Campaign ends when the last Spanish troops, officials and loyalists withdraw from the island.
  • 1914 – The Catholic Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 1921 – The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a national broadcasting service.
  • 1929 – The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law.
  • 1944 – World War II: The state funeral of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel takes place in Ulm, Germany.
  • 1945 – The Soviet nuclear program receives plans for the American Nagasaki bomb from atomic spies.
  • 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces stages a coup d'état against President Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
  • 1945 – Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva Duarte.
  • 1951 – The Studio for Electronic Music was established at the West German Broadcasting facility in Cologne, making the first modern music studio.
  • 1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1963Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat becomes the first cat launched into space.
  • 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus, and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
  • 1977German Autumn: A set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide.
  • 1979 – The Federal Communications Commission begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.
  • 1991 – The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2003 – President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada is forced into exile by the Bolivian gas conflict.
  • 2007 – A suicide attack on a motorcade carrying former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto kills 139 and wounds 450 more. Bhutto herself was uninjured.

Births

Deaths

Holidays and observances

Others

  • 1988 – Jeff Winston, fictional character in Replay from Ken Grimwood die from an heart attack

External links