This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.

Met Gala

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Met Ball)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Met Gala
GenreFundraising gala, costume exhibition
FrequencyFirst Monday of May[1]
VenueMetropolitan Museum of Art, Costume Institute
Location(s)New York City, New York
CountryUnited States
Years active1948–present[2]
FounderEleanor Lambert
Most recentMay 7, 2018
Next eventMay 6, 2019
Organised byVogue
WebsiteCostume Institute Gala
Gala started in 1946 and the first event was held in 1948.[3]
Metropolitan Museum of Art[4] where the Met Gala has been held annually since 1972.

The Met Gala, formally called the Costume Institute Gala and also known as the Met Ball, is an annual fundraising gala for the benefit of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Costume Institute in New York City. It marks the grand opening of the Costume Institute's annual fashion exhibit.[5] Each year's event celebrates the theme of that year's Costume Institute exhibition, and the exhibition sets the tone for the formal dress of the night, since guests are expected to choose their fashion to match the theme of the exhibit.

History

The Met Gala was established in 1948 by legendary fashion publicist Eleanor Lambert as a way to raise money for the newly-founded Costume Institute and mark the opening of its annual exhibit. The first gala was a midnight dinner and tickets were fifty dollars each.[6] While Lambert herself dubbed it the "Party of the Year," for the first few decades of its existence the gala was simply one of many annual benefits held for New York charitable institutions. Accordingly, the attendees of the early galas were almost entirely members of New York high society or the fashion industry. From 1948 to 1971, the event was held at venues including the Waldorf-Astoria, Central Park, and Rainbow Room.[7]

When former Vogue editor-in-chief Diana Vreeland became special consultant to the Costume Institute in 1972, the Gala began to evolve into a more glamorous affair, although one that was still aimed at the societal set.[8] The event started to become more celebrity-oriented with attendees like Andy Warhol, Diana Ross, and Cher intermixing with the city's elite.[9] It was during the Vreeland years that the Gala was first held at the Met and that Gala themes were introduced.[10] By the time Vreeland died in 1989, the Met Gala was well known as a luxurious, blockbuster event and was considered "the jewel in New York City's social crown.[11][12]

Details

Institute Gala is a major fundraising benefit that serves as an opening celebration for the Institute's annual fashion exhibit.[13][14] Following the event, the exhibition runs for several months. The 2014 exhibition was scheduled to run from May 8 until August 10, 2014.[15] The Gala is widely regarded as one of the most exclusive social events in New York and one of the biggest fundraising nights in the city with $9 million raised in 2013 and a record of $12 million the following year.[16][17][18][19] It is one of the most notable sources of funding for the Institute.[20] The affair, attended by personalities from the arts, fashion, high-society, film, and music, has been held at the Met since 1948[21] and is considered to be the fashion industry's premier annual red carpet event.[14][22][23][24][25][26] Its red carpet fashions are widely photographed, reviewed, critiqued, and emulated.[27][28][29][30] The museum is closed to the general public on the first Monday of May due to the gala occurring.[31]

Anna Wintour, Vogue editor-in-chief and a chair of the event since 1995 (excluding 1996 and 1998), oversees both the benefit committee and the guest list, with Vogue staffers helping assemble the list of invitees.[5][23] According to Cathy Horyn of The New York Times, the gathering rivals the West Coast's Vanity Fair Oscar Party, which is said to have more "star power" but less fashion panache.[32] In 2014, the individual tickets cost $30,000 for those outside the official guest list, after prices were raised $10,000 to increase the exclusivity of the event.[33][23][34] The annual guest list includes only 650–700 people.[35][36]

Themes

Each year the event has a theme, and includes a cocktail hour and a formal dinner.[37][38] During the cocktail hour, guests arrive to walk on the red carpet, tour the year's special themed exhibition, and be seated before the dinner party that includes entertainment from the preeminent entertainers of the day.[36] The theme not only sets the tone for the annual exhibit, but also for the guests who attempt to dress to uphold the theme of the year, oftentimes causing runs on certain fashion themes among the world's leading fashion retailers.[39][40] Sometimes, such as in 2013, the theme is a bit befuddling because it does not provide a clear stylistic directive, while at other times, such as 2014 the theme may be far more challenging to one gender than the other.[41][42]

Gallery

The 2015 Gala and its theme of "China: Through the Looking Glass" became the subject of a documentary—The First Monday in May' directed by Andrew Rossi produced by Condé Nast Entertainment, Vogue, and Relativity Studios.[104] 225 approved photographers, reporters, and social media participants documented the event for the documentary.[105] All other attendees were forbidden from using social media at the event.[106] Guests received notices about the restriction of selfies and social media inside the gala.[107] The no-selfie ordinance was extended to the following editions of the Met Gala.

Co-Chairs and Honorary Chairs

In addition to Wintour's role of chairing the gala, there are different co-chairs and honorary chairs every year. The list of past co-chairs and honorary chairs includes the following:

Date of Gala Co-chairs Honorary Chairs
December 4, 1995 Annette de la Renta, Clarissa Bronfman[108] Karl Lagerfeld, Gianni Versace[68]
December 7, 1998 Miuccia Prada, Paula Cussi, Pia Getty[74] None
December 6, 1999 Tommy Hilfiger, Aerin Lauder[75] None
April 23, 2001 Christina and Lindsay Owen-Jones, Annette and Oscar de la Renta, Carolina Herrera[77] Caroline Kennedy and Edwin A. Schlossberg[77]
April 28, 2003 Tom Ford, Nicole Kidman[78] None
April 26, 2004 None Jacob Rothschild, Jayne Wrightsman[79]
May 2, 2005 Karl Lagerfeld, Nicole Kidman[80] Caroline, Princess of Hanover[80]
May 1, 2006 Christopher Bailey, Sienna Miller[81] Rose Marie Bravo, The Duke of Devonshire
May 7, 2007 Cate Blanchett, Nicolas Ghesquière[82] François-Henri Pinault[82]
May 5, 2008 George Clooney, Julia Roberts[84] Giorgio Armani[84]
May 4, 2009 Kate Moss, Justin Timberlake[87] Marc Jacobs[87]
May 3, 2010 Oprah Winfrey, Patrick Robinson[109] None
May 2, 2011 Colin Firth, Stella McCartney François-Henri Pinault and Salma Hayek[92]
May 7, 2012 Carey Mulligan, Miuccia Prada[94] Jeff Bezos[94]
May 6, 2013 Rooney Mara, Lauren Santo Domingo, Riccardo Tisci[110] Beyoncé[110]
May 5, 2014 Aerin Lauder, Bradley Cooper, Oscar de la Renta, Sarah Jessica Parker, Lizzie and Jonathan Tisch [97] None
May 4, 2015 Jennifer Lawrence, Gong Li, Marissa Mayer, Wendi Murdoch[100] Silas Chou[100]
May 2, 2016 Taylor Swift, Idris Elba, Jonathan Ive[111] Nicolas Ghesquière, Karl Lagerfeld, Miuccia Prada[111]
May 1, 2017 Gisele Bündchen and Tom Brady, Katy Perry, Pharrell Williams[112] Rei Kawakubo[113]
May 7, 2018 Amal Clooney, Rihanna, Donatella Versace[114] Christine and Stephen A. Schwarzman[115]
May 6, 2019 Lady Gaga, Serena Williams, Harry Styles, Alessandro Michele [116] TBA

Controversy

When the Met Gala announced a white tie dress code in 2014, a number of media outlets pointed out the difficulty and expense of obtaining traditional white tie, even for the celebrity guests.[117][118]

In 2015, the theme "China: Through the Looking Glass" was previously named "Chinese Whispers: Tales of the East in Art, Film and Fashion".[119] The same year's theme was met with critics saying it was "A reminder of the subtle institutionalised racism that's been compounded by centuries of Asian isolationism across the board, and enduring Western stereotypes exacerbated by ignorance and the meme-able nature of social media."[119]

In 2016, Madonna, whilst channeling the theme "Manus x Machina: Fashion in an Age of Technology", provided one of the most controversial outfits in the gala's history. She appeared in an ensemble designed by Givenchy creative director Riccardo Tisci exposing both her breasts and buttocks.[120] Madonna hit back on her official social media channels by stating "We have fought and continue to fight for civil rights and gay rights around the world. When it comes to women’s rights we are still in the dark ages. My dress at the Met Ball was a political statement as well as a fashion statement".[121]

The 2018 Gala had a Roman Catholic theme, and included Rihanna wearing a papal mitre. Critics on social media called it "blasphemous" and "sacrilegious cosplay", even though the Catholic Church lent more than forty papal vestments from the Vatican and Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan attended.[122][123] Kyle Smith argued that the Catholic Church was in fact "abetting the mockery of its symbols".[124] Catholic apologist Michael Voris has criticized Cardinal Dolan for attending the 2018 Met Gala.[125]

As of 2018, attendees must be age of 18 to enter the gala.[126]

Notes

  1. ^ Friedman, Vanessa (May 3, 2018). "What Is the Met Gala, and Who Gets to Go?". New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  2. ^ Hardie, Beth (May 7, 2018). "What is the Met Gala 2018 theme - and what it means". Mirror (UK). Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  3. ^ Ward, Maria (May 7, 2018). "What Is the Met Gala? Everything You Need to Know". Vogue. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  4. ^ Borrelli-Persson, Laird. "A History of the Met Gala in 60 Seconds, Narrated by Vogue's Hamish Bowles". Vogue. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "The Costume Institute | The Metropolitan Museum of Art". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  6. ^ "https://www.metmuseum.org/blogs/now-at-the-met/2018/met-gala-costume-institute-benefit-brief-history". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 2018-12-01. External link in |title= (help)
  7. ^ "A Look Back At The Met Gala's History And Decor Throughout The Years | Architectural Digest". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  8. ^ "The Met Ball Was So Much Better Before All the Celebrities Showed Up". Town & Country. 2018-05-03. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  9. ^ "A Look Back At The Met Gala's History And Decor Throughout The Years | Architectural Digest". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  10. ^ "A Look Back At The Met Gala's History And Decor Throughout The Years | Architectural Digest". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  11. ^ "The Met Ball Was So Much Better Before All the Celebrities Showed Up". Town & Country. 2018-05-03. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  12. ^ "A Look Back At The Met Gala's History And Decor Throughout The Years | Architectural Digest". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  13. ^ Whitworth, Melissa (April 28, 2011). "Countdown to the Met Ball 2011". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  14. ^ a b "First Look: Inside the Met for Tonight's Costume Institute Gala". New York. May 2, 2011. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  15. ^ "Charles James: Beyond Fashion: May 8 – August 10, 2014". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  16. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
  17. ^ Bourne, Leah (May 5, 2011). "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Met Gala (But Were Too Afraid To Ask)". NBC New York. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  18. ^ "Anna Wintour 'Wants More Exclusivity' at the Met Ball – The Cut". Nymag.com. April 16, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  19. ^ Kramer, Peter (May 4, 2010). "Top social ticket: NYC's Costume Institute gala". USA Today. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  20. ^ The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 9781588394552.
  21. ^ http://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/curatorial-departments/the-costume-institute
  22. ^ Trebay, Guy (November 25, 2003). "Final Splash For Publicist". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  23. ^ a b c "The Charity Ball Game". New York. May 21, 2005. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  24. ^ Vogel, Carol (December 15, 2008). "Brooklyn Museum's Costume Treasures Going to the Met". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  25. ^ Derschowitz, Jessica (April 9, 2013). "Beyonce named honorary chair for Costume Institute gala". CBS News. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  26. ^ "Newly Slim Beyonce and Daring Racy in Lace Rihanna Turn Heads in Their Dramatic Gowns at Met Gala". Daily Mail. May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  27. ^ Rodriguez, Leah (May 5, 2014). "See All the Looks From the 2014 Met Gala". New York. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  28. ^ Malle, Chloe. "Met Gala 2014: The 64 Best Dressed Celebrities". Vogue. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  29. ^ Oliver, Simone S. (May 6, 2014). "Beauty on the Met Gala Red Carpet". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  30. ^ Dee, Britteny (May 6, 2014). "Met Gala 2014 Theme: Ball Gowns That Would Make Charles James Proud". Fashion Times. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  31. ^ "The Met Fifth Avenue". The Metropolitan Museum of Art, i.e. The Met Museum. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  32. ^ Horyn, Cathy (May 4, 2006). "Anna's Party: Silk, Satin and Pub Grub". New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  33. ^ Staff, AOL. "You can't afford to go to the Met Gala and you probably wouldn't get in even if you could".
  34. ^ Gurfein, Laura (April 17, 2014). "Anna Wintour Raised Met Ball Ticket Prices, Wants 'Exclusivity' – That's a Spicy Met Ball! – Racked NY". Ny.racked.com. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  35. ^ Bourne, Leah (April 29, 2013). "10 Ways to Get Invited to the Met Gala". The Vivant. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  36. ^ a b "The Wild Bunch". Vogue: 110–32. July 2009.
  37. ^ Levine, Joshua (March 24, 2011). "Anna Wintour's Brand Anna - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  38. ^ Cristobal, Sarah. "Salute to the King: The Haute Monde Descends on the Met to Celebrate Legendary Couturier Paul Poiret". Style.com. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  39. ^ "Revel, Revel". Vogue: 116–50. July 2011.
  40. ^ Hyland, Véronique (May 1, 2014). "Men Are Freaking Out About What to Wear to the Met Ball". New York. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  41. ^ "Costume Institute Calls for White Tie Dress Code at Gala". Women's Wear Daily. April 7, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  42. ^ Hyland, Véronique (April 7, 2014). "This Year's Met Ball Has Some Weird Dress-Code Requirements". New York. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  43. ^ Cavallo, Adolph S (October 1971). Stoddart, Katherine, ed. "Fashion Plate: An Opening Exhibition for the New Costume Institute" (PDF). The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. 30 (1): 5. doi:10.2307/3258574. Retrieved May 23, 2014. To salute the fashion industry of New York, whose tireless efforts and financial contributions were instrumental in making the new Costume Institute a reality, the Museum will present Fashion Plate in the Costume Institute in the fall of 1971...Fashion Plate will be the first of these gallery installations – the inaugural exhibition.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai "Museum Exhibitions 1870–2012" (PDF). Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  45. ^ "Costume Institute opens new exhibition" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. January 1972. Retrieved May 23, 2014. The Costume Institute of The Metropolitan Museum of Art opens its second exhibition on Wednesday, January 26. Entitled Untailored Garments it presents a diverse assemblage of clothing—mostly non-European in origin—which is folded and draped on the human body rather than cut and seamed.
  46. ^ "Around Town:Museums". New York: 26. June 19, 1972. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  47. ^ Martin, Richard; Koda, Harold (1993). Diana Vreeland: Immoderate Style. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 15. ISBN 9780870996917. OCLC 29315100. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  48. ^ "In and Around Town:Museums". New York: 26. August 25, 1975. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  49. ^ "New Costume Institute exhibition, American women of style, to open at Metropolitan Museum December 13" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. December 1975. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  50. ^ "Museum to Exhibit Old Russian Clothes". Palm Beach Daily News. November 9, 1975. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  51. ^ "History of Russian costume from the eleventh to the twentieth century : from the collections of the Arsenal Museum, Leningrad ; Hermitage, Leningrad ; Historical Museum, Moscow ; Kremlin Museums, Moscow ; Pavlovsk Museum / [catalogue compiled by T.S. Alyoshina, I.I. Vishnevskaya, L.V. Efimova, T.T. Korshunova. V.A. Malm, E. Yu. Moiseenko, M.M. Postnokova-Loseva, E.P. Chernukha]". Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  52. ^ "Treasure trove of costumes". St. Petersburg Times. November 2, 1977. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  53. ^ Cone, Polly, ed. (1980). The Imperial Style: Fashions of the Hapsburg Era: Based on the Exhibition "Fashions of the Hapsburg era, Austria-Hungary" at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, December 1979 – August 1980. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870992325. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  54. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 8, 1981). "18th Century Sparks Gala Fashion Night". Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  55. ^ Leon Talley, Andre (December 6, 1981). "Vreeland's Show". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  56. ^ Duka, John (December 7, 1982). "La Belle Europe Reigns Again At Met Museum". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  57. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 6, 1983). "Gala Night at Met Hails Saint Laurent". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  58. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 4, 1984). "At Costume Institute Show, Equestrian is the Theme". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  59. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 10, 1985). "A Celebration of Royal India's Fashions". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  60. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 10, 1986). "Amid Costumes A Little Night Music". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  61. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 8, 1997). "Spectacular outfits abound at 15th annual costume gala". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  62. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 6, 1988). "Costume Show: Victorian Elegance". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  63. ^ "In Decked Halls, Wassails". New York Times. December 15, 1991. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  64. ^ Morris, Bernadine (December 8, 1992). "Review/Fashion; Costume Change At the Met". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  65. ^ "EVENING HOURS; The Ladies in Red". New York Times. December 12, 1993. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  66. ^ Orientalism: Visions of the East in Western Dress. Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870997335.
  67. ^ Dullea, Georgia (September 25, 1994). "Glamour Guys for the Ball". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  68. ^ a b Brozan, Nadine (October 9, 1995). "Chronicle". New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  69. ^ "USA: NEW YORK: CHRISTIAN DIOR'S COSTUME INSTITUTE GALA". Associated Press. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  70. ^ Brozan, Nadine (August 1, 1996). "Chronicle". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  71. ^ DiGiacomo, Frank (December 15, 1997). "Inside the sold-out Costume Institute gala". New York. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  72. ^ Menkes, Suzy (December 9, 1997). "The Verve and Vivacity of Versace in Met Retrospective". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  73. ^ C.R. White, Constance (December 11, 1997). "At the Met, a Golden Melting Pot". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  74. ^ a b "CUBISM AND FASHION" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. November 2, 1998. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  75. ^ a b "ROCK STYLE IS THEME FOR METROPOLITAN MUSEUM'S DECEMBER COSTUME INSTITUTE EXHIBITION" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. December 3, 1999. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  76. ^ a b "Costume Institute Gala Returns". BizBash. July 31, 2002. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  77. ^ a b c "JACQUELINE KENNEDY: THE WHITE HOUSE YEARS" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. November 13, 2000. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  78. ^ a b "Goddess to be Theme of Costume Institute's Spring 2003 Exhibition and Gala at Metropolitan Museum" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 2003. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  79. ^ a b Menkes, Suzy (April 27, 2004). "Voluptuous lives, 'Dangerous Liaisons'". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  80. ^ a b c "Metropolitan Museum to Present Unprecedented Chanel Exhibition" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 2005. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  81. ^ a b "AngloMania: Tradition and Transgression in British Fashion" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. April 22, 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  82. ^ a b c ""Poiret: King of Fashion" at Metropolitan Museum's Costume Institute to Celebrate Paul Poiret, Visionary Artist-Couturier of Early 20th Century" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. April 22, 2006. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  83. ^ "Poiret's Descendents". runway.blogs.nytimes.com/. New York Times. May 8, 2007. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  84. ^ a b c "Metropolitan Museum's Costume Institute Salutes Power of "Superheroes" Imagery in Fashion" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  85. ^ Wilson, Eric (May 6, 2008). "Stars and Superheroes Sparkle at Museum Gala". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  86. ^ "The Model as Muse Embodying Fashion". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  87. ^ a b c "Metropolitan Museum's Costume Institute Explores Role of Fashion Models as Muses of Recent Eras" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 2009. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  88. ^ Wilson, Eric (May 4, 2009). "A Museum Gala Where High Cheekbones and Higher Hemlines Rule". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  89. ^ ""American Woman: Fashioning a National Identity" at Metropolitan Museum to Open May 5, 2010; First Costume Institute Exhibition Based on Renowned Brooklyn Museum Costume Collection" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  90. ^ Horyn, Cathy (May 3, 2010). "American Women on the March". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  91. ^ Menkes, Suzy (May 3, 2010). "Elegance Is the Norm at Costume Institute Gala". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  92. ^ a b "Alexander McQueen's Iconic Designs to be Celebrated in a Spring 2011 Costume Institute Retrospective". Metropolitan Museum of Art. February 1, 2010. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  93. ^ Menkes, Suzy (May 2, 2011). "Alexander McQueen in All His Dark Glory". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  94. ^ a b c "Elsa Schiaparelli and Miuccia Prada's Impossible Conversations at Metropolitan Museum's Costume Institute" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 7, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  95. ^ "Punk Fashion Is Focus of Costume Institute Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  96. ^ Armstrong, Lisa (May 7, 2013). "Met Ball 2013: The Punk Parade". Telegraph. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  97. ^ a b "Charles James: Beyond Fashion May 8 – August 10, 2014" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. April 10, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  98. ^ Trebay, Guy (May 7, 2014). "Inside the Met Ball: Sculptures in Silk". New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  99. ^ Moore, Booth. "Met Costume Institute Gala: Beyond fashion indeed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  100. ^ a b c "China: Through the Looking Glass: Costume Institute's Spring 2015 Exhibition at Metropolitan Museum to Focus on Chinese Imagery in Art, Film, and Fashion" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. April 14, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  101. ^ "Manus x Machina: Fashion in an Age of Technology". New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 2, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  102. ^ "Costume Institute's Spring 2017 Exhibition at The Met to Focus on Rei Kawakubo and the Art of the In-Between". New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. October 21, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  103. ^ "Met Gala 2018 Theme Revealed: "Heavenly Bodies: Fashion and the Catholic Imagination"" (Press release). New York: Vogue. November 8, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  104. ^ Chan, Stephanie (April 16, 2015). "The Met Gala Is Getting the Documentary Treatment". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  105. ^ Friedman, Vanessa (May 2, 2015). "It's Called the Met Gala, but It's Definitely Anna Wintour's Party". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  106. ^ Chan, Stephanie (May 1, 2015). "Met Gala: No Selfies Allowed". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  107. ^ "Selfies Banned Inside Met Gala?!". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  108. ^ Brozan, Nadine. "CHRONICLE". Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  109. ^ "https://www.metmuseum.org/press/exhibitions/2010/american-woman-fashioning-a-national-identity-at-metropolitan-museum-to-open-may-5-2010-first-costume-institute-exhibition-based-on-renowned-brooklyn-museum-costume-collection". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved November 15, 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  110. ^ a b "https://www.metmuseum.org/press/exhibitions/2012/punk-chaos-to-couture". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved November 16, 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  111. ^ a b "https://www.metmuseum.org/press/exhibitions/2015/manus-x-machina". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved November 15, 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  112. ^ "https://www.metmuseum.org/press/exhibitions/2016/rei-kawakubo". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved November 16, 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  113. ^ "2017 Met Gala Theme Is Revealed". E! Online. October 21, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  114. ^ Borrelli-Person, Laird (November 8, 2017). "Amal Clooney, Rihanna, and Donatella Versace to Host 2018 Met Gala". Vogue. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  115. ^ "https://www.metmuseum.org/press/news/2017/costume-institute-announcement-2018". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved November 16, 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  116. ^ https://variety.com/2018/music/news/met-gala-2019-lady-gaga-harry-styles-serena-williams-1202974672/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  117. ^ Trebay, Guy (23 April 2014). "At the Met Gala, a Strict Dress Code". New York Times. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  118. ^ Rothman, Lily (5 May 2014). "The Met Ball Is White Tie This Year—But What Does That Even Mean?". Time. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  119. ^ a b "The China-Themed Met Gala Wasn't Totally Offensive, But Still Problematic". Complex AU. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  120. ^ "Madonna's peek-a-boob Met Gala moment". NewsComAu. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  121. ^ "Madonna slams 'ageist and sexist' Met Gala outfit critics". NewsComAu. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  122. ^ Quinn, Dave (May 8, 2018). "The Met Gala's 'Catholic Imagination' Theme Called 'Blasphemous' and 'Sacrilegious' by Critics". People. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  123. ^ Syme, Rachel (May 8, 2018). "Pope Rihanna and Other Revelations from the Catholic-Themed 2018 Met Gala". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  124. ^ Smith, Kyle (May 9, 2018). "Red-Carpet Catholicism Is a Loss for the Church". National Review. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  125. ^ "Dolan Disgrace, Again". www.churchmilitant.com.
  126. ^ "Met Gala Has New Age Restriction for Attendees". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-30.

External links