Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
This article is a rough translation from Portuguese. It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator without dual proficiency.
|Full name||Clube de Regatas do Flamengo|
|Nickname(s)||O mais querido do Brasil (The most beloved of Brazil)
Mengão (Big Mengo) |
|Founded||November 17, 1895|
|League||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A|
|Série A, 2nd|
|Active departments of Flamengo|
Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamengo Rowing Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo (Brazilian Portuguese: [flaˈmẽɡʊ]), is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro. Their most significant sporting outlet is the football team, which plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, being one of only five clubs to have never been relegated, along with Chapecoense, Santos, São Paulo and Cruzeiro.
The club was established in 1895, although it did not play its first official football match until 1912. Flamengo is one of the most successful clubs in Brazilian football, having won 5 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles (and the controversial Copa União of 1987), three Copa do Brasil titles, one Copa Intercontinental, one Copa Libertadores and holds a record of 34 Campeonato Carioca trophies. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Gávea, hasn't been used in official matches since 1997 and the club usually opts for the Maracanã, the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 78,838. Since 2016, the club have been playing most home games at the Ilha do Urubu, a temporary home until a favorable deal is made with the Maracanã stadium's administration.
Its traditional playing colors are red and black striped shirts with white shorts and red and black striped socks. The team, with Zico as its protagonist, defeated Cobreloa 2–0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to become champions of South America. They subsequently became known as the Geração de Ouro, or the Golden Generation. That same year, Flamengo became world champions after defeating Liverpool 3–0 in Tokyo.
Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 39.1 million supporters as of 2010, and was voted by FIFA as one of the most successful clubs of the 20th century. It is also the Brazil's richest football club in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of R$648.0 million ($195.62 million/€163.04 million) in 2017, and the most valuable club in Brazil, worth over R$1.69 billion ($510.2 million/€425.21 million) in 2017. The club has long-standing rivalries with nearby neighbors Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama. There is also an interstate rivalry with Atlético Mineiro and a fierce one with Corinthians.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Foundation and first years (1895–1912)
- 1.2 From the first match to the end of amateur era (1912–1933)
- 1.3 Beginning of the professional era (1934–1955)
- 1.4 Golden years on the eve of glory (1956–1973)
- 1.5 The Zico era in the golden age (1974–1983)
- 1.6 Departure and the return of Zico (1984–1994)
- 1.7 Centennial and the risk of relegation (1995–2005)
- 1.8 The beginning of a new era and the Hexacampeonato (2006–2013)
- 2 Crest
- 3 Stadiums
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors
- 6 Players
- 7 Football honours
- 8 Records
- 9 Personnel
- 10 Other sports
- 11 See also
- 12 Footnotes
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Foundation and first years (1895–1912)
Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895, (although the club celebrates its birthday on November 15, a Brazilian national holiday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.
The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century. The young men hoped that forming a rowing club would make them popular with the young ladies of the city's high society.
They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895, when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".
On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.
Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from that club following a dispute with its board. The players (Alberto Borgerth, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgerth, the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.
The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912, and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16–2. The first intracity rivalry, the Flamengo vs. Fluminense aka Fla-Flu was also played in that year on July 7 and was won by Fluminense, by 3–2.
From the first match to the end of amateur era (1912–1933)
The first training sessions were held at Praia do Russell and on May 3, 1912, the club was already affiliated to the Liga Metropolitana de Desportos Terrestres (Metropolitan League of Land Sports), the club had its first match. It was at América (RJ)'s stadium and Flamengo beat Mangueira by 16–2, with Belfort Duarte as the referee. The lineup for that historic match was: Baena, Pindar, Nery, Coriol, Gilberto, Galo, Baiano, Arnaldo, Amarante, Gustavo and Borgerth.
Already in 1912, Flamengo finished as runners-up at the Campeonato Carioca, the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The first uniform, at that time, was called "papagaio vintém", due to the similarity with a certain type of kite called by the same name. In 1914, the club won the Campeonato Carioca for the first time adopting the striped shirt in white, red and black colors nicknamed "cobra coral" (coral snake), as reminded the snake's skin, and which only lasted until 1916. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca once again in 1915, 1920 and 1921.
In 1925, the club won Campeonato Carioca and five other different tournaments with the football team, a record until then. In 1927, Flamengo was voted "most beloved club in Brazil" after winning Vasco da Gama at Salutaris Cup, a contest held by Jornal do Brasil, one of the most important newspapers in Brazil. In 1933 the team made its first tour outside Brazil and on 14 May of the same year made its last game as an amateur team, winning River by 16–2. Since then the club's football department became professional.
Beginning of the professional era (1934–1955)
With the election of President José Bastos Padilha in 1934, the club was able to improve its social issues and grew in popularity. In 1936, great players like Domingos da Guia and Leônidas da Silva (who would become the first leading goalscorer in the 1938 FIFA World Cup as a Flamengo player) came to the club. 1937 was a year with plenty of arrivals for the Flamengo football team, with the signing of Hungarian coach Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, who implemented a new game plan known as WM, and training without a ball. Another innovation was the inclusion of the second uniform in order to facilitate the vision of the players in night games since the lighting was not ideal. In the same year came the unification of the Carioca championship with the newly-created Carioca Football League, and every club had already began their professionalisation. In 1939, after 12 years without winning any titles, Flamengo came back to win the state championship with a team that would become the basis of the three-time state championship winners in the 40s.
In 1941, the group played its first international competition, the Hexagonal Tournament of Argentina. In 1942, the first organised supporters group of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra, was founded, and in 1944, Flamengo won their first three consecutive Rio de Janeiro State Leagues (winning the 1942,1943 and 1944 titles). The main event in 1946 was Zizinho's injury (broken leg), one of Brazilian football's main superstars of that era and home-grown at Flamengo, was sidelined for six months, a huge loss for the club at that time. Zizinho went to Bangu in 1950, which was considered one of the worst deals in Flamengo's history. In 1953/54/55, once again, Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State League three consecutive times.
Golden years on the eve of glory (1956–1973)
Despite the lack of achievements of this period, Flamengo kept growing regionally, especially as the club had in its cast players like Dida, Carlinhos, Paulo Cézar Caju, Gérson, Antônio Rondinelli, Horácio Doval, Fio Maravilha, Evaristo de Macedo, Francisco Reyes, among others who strengthened the teams assembled in the period.
In 1961, the team became champion of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, which at the time assembled the best teams in Brazil. In late 1968, Garrincha was signed and began to play for Flamengo, but the expectation that he could play for the entire season failed. He made his last appearance for Flamengo on April 12, 1969, with 20 appearances and 4 goals.
The greatest legacy of the club in the 1970s was the fantastic generation of youth players to graduate from the youth ranks, many of whom went on to form the backbone of the Golden Age teams. During that time players like Zico, Júnior, Leandro and others who were just as important, were promoted to the club's professional team. In 1970, the club won its first Guanabara Cup (1st round of the state tournament). In the first half of 1971, Flamengo's situation was not good under the command of Yustrich, having only won 8 of 28 matches. In 1972 Flamengo won the Guanabara Cup and Campeonato Carioca.
The Zico era in the golden age (1974–1983)
In 1978, a scarlet-black golden age began when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Libertadores Cup.
1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Japan, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.
On December 13, 1981, Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico took the field for the most important match in the club's history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.
The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.
Departure and the return of Zico (1984–1994)
Two years later, Zico returned to the club in 1986 and won its last state championship. This year he participated in a few games, since a game in 1985 against the State he was the victim of a violent player input Márcio Nunes, running out of play for a long time due to the long period of recovery from surgery. However, in the opening match of the following State, scored three of the four goals in Flamengo's 4–1 victory over Fluminense.
In 1987, was a major contributor to the achievement of the first edition of the Copa União (called by the Brazilian Football Confederation green module), considered at the time by much of the press and at the 13 Club as the national tetracampeonato Flamengo . highlights are the victories in the semi-finals matches against oea final against, which was won with a goal from Bebeto. the Club of 13, and consequently the Flemish and international, have not accepted the intersection established by the CBF between the first two modules of green and yellow, losing their games by forfeit the CBF then officiated as the Brazilian champion and 1987 runner-up that year. on February 21, 2011, by Resolution No. 02/2011 presidency of CBF, officiated as Brazilian champion Flamengo 1987 Sport side of the door. However, in June 2011, had to withdraw following the decision of the Court of the 10th Federal Court of First Instance of the Judicial Section of Pernambuco, returning to the Sport acknowledge as the only Brazilian champion of professional football in 1987 on June 28, 2012, in manual, CBF recognized the title of the Brazilian Flamengo 1987. Then she backtracked and said that in the manual, there was a "huge mistake" which she sent to an outdated graphical material where Flamengo was considered champion 1987 side of the Sport. On April 8, 2014 the Superior Court of Justice (STJ) confirmed Sport as the only Brazilian champion Flamengo in 1987 after contesting the decision in the lower court. The entity recognizes Sport Recife as champion of 1987, although it understands that the recognition of the title of national champion of 1987 also to Flamengo would not go against the limits of the decision of the justice, with CBF demonstrating thus that it did not agree with The judicial decision only for the obligation to comply with the order stipulated by the STJ, because according to CBF, both were considered champions.
Throughout his career at Flamengo, Zico scored 508 goals and was the top scorer in club history. In 1990, before a packed Maracanã, Zico would make his farewell match with Flamengo.
Even without its biggest star, the early years of the post-Zico era have been successful for Flamengo. The first national victory was the second edition of the Brazil Cup in 1990 against Goiás in the finals. Between the end of 1990 and throughout 1991 Flamengo, now led by Júnior, won five matches in a row against the Vasco da Gama, and winning the 1991 State championship.
The year 1992, was marked by winning another national title, beating Botafogo in the final of the Championship that year, which had the first game won by Flamengo a 3–0 and the second ta 2–2 draw. The team highlight player was again Júnior, with 38 years old.
Centennial and the risk of relegation (1995–2005)
After the Brazilian League title in 1992, the club started to face a major financial crisis and the achievements in domestic e and international competitions have become less frequent, although in general the team continued to win some regional championships on a regular basis, one of the few Brazilian clubs who have never suffered a considerable title drought. In 1995, the year of its centenary, the radio sports broadcaster Kléber Leite became chairman of the club and signed striker Romário, then the world's best player, who was on Barcelona. He joined Sávio and later Edmundo to become, as the supporters called, "the attack of dreams". Even with Romário (who battled against Túlio this year and Renato Gaúcho the "title" King of Rio) and other superstars, the centennial year was not victorious. Flamengo only won the Taça Guanabara, the first phase of the Rio de Janeiro State League, and lost the tournament in the finals against Fluminense. The supporters of rivals club started mocking the attacking trio as "the attack of nightmare".
In 1996, Flamengo was unbeaten in the Rio de Janeiro State League, conquering the Taça Guanabara and Taça Rio and winning the tournament in advance. Romário was the top scorer of the tournament. Sávio and the highlight player in the Copa de Oro campaign, Flamengo won the cup after many years without international success. This was the third official international title of Flamengo.
In 1999, Edmundo dos Santos Silva was elected the club president, and with it came a millionaire contract with sports marketing company ISL. Despite bad campaigns in the Brazilian League, Flamengo won the 1999 Copa Mercosur, the South America second tier cup, and continued to be successful at regional level, winning the triple state championship (1999-2000-2001) and Copa dos Campeões in 2001. Also in 2001, the Flamengo avoided being relegated to Brazilian Série B in winning against Palmeiras the final match of the tournament and began a series of bad campaigns in the National League in the following years.
ISL went bankrupt in 2002, for reasons unrelated to the contract with Flamengo, and the club was left without its millionaire partner. No money to keep the great team assembled, has begun a bad phase in red and black football. In the same year, Edmundo Santos Silva was removed from the presidency accused, among other things, administrative impropriety, in a very troubled and controversial vote (there are reports that there was no quorum in the Statute of the Club). Until today, it was proven the veracity of these allegations unless the evasion of taxes, which were assumed by the former president. No money for big signings, Flamengo failed to form competitive teams and narrowly missed demoted in Brazilian championship in 2002, 2004 and 2005.
In 2004, Flamengo won their 28th state title, over rivals Vasco da Gama. In 2005, Flamengo had one of the worst years in its history. Earlier this year they did not win the Cup International Finta, while in the Brazilian Championship, fought until later rounds to escape relegation, which was achieved only after the arrival of coach Joel Santana, when the team managed six wins and three draws in nine games played under his command, thus preventing the relegation to the Second Division in 2006.
The beginning of a new era and the Hexacampeonato (2006–2013)
On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".
In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo won many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Náutico 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.
Flamengo started 2008, by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over archrival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the Round of 16 of the Libertadores Cup, the team was beaten at home by Club América from Mexico 0–3 meaning they were eliminated 4–5 on aggregate.
Flamengo's crest has changed slightly throughout history. Most of the changes has been on the monogram, with the latest redesign project being unveiled in 2018.
The club uses three crests in different situations. The full crest is used as the club's official logo; the rowing crest is used all rowing related uniforms and the monogram is usually used in the all other uniforms.
Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the Estádio José Bastos Padilha (commonly known as Estádio da Gávea), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938, and has a capacity for 4,000 people. The stadium is named after José Bastos Padilha, Flamengo's president at the time of the stadium's construction. He was president from 1933 to 1937. However, Flamengo does not play first team matches any more at Estádio da Gávea. Since the 1990s, the stadium is now used almost exclusively for the club's youth and women's teams matches, and also sometimes as the first team's training ground. Most first team games are played at the Maracanã Stadium, considered by supporters as the real Flamengo home ground. During the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Dutch National Team used the Estádio da Gávea and all of its facilities as their training ground in preparation for the competition.
The Maracanã Stadium was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, with the team winning almost all the matches played in the stadium. These victories helped the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place, securing a place in the 2008 Copa Libertadores. The stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attendance records, with 87,895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and an average attendance of 44,719 fans per match, which was ahead of all of the other teams in the Brazilian Série A that year. In 2008, Flamengo was once again the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match. The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0–3 loss to Atlético Mineiro on October 11, 2008.
Ilha do Urubu
Surveys show that there are over 32 million Flamengo supporters across Brazil. Flamengo supporters are known as Nação Rubro-Negra (Scarlet-Black Nation), since there are more supporters of Flamengo than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism. They hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9). Flamengo played against Santos in Maracanã to 155,523 supporters in the 1983 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã.
Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo versus Fluminense in 1963, this match has the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs in history with 194,603 spectators. Flamengo has taken more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches 13 times. Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.
Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra, Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.
Clássico dos Milhões
Clássico dos Milhões (meaning "Derby of Millions"), is the classic Brazilian derby between Flamengo and Vasco da Gama, both from Rio de Janeiro city, considered the greatest derby in Brazilian football and one of the biggest in football worldwide, in terms of rivalry, popularity, and history. Since its beginnings in the 1920s, it is named after the two largest fanbases of Rio de Janeiro (state).
The rivalry between these two clubs began in October 1911, when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense left the club, and went to Flamengo, which at the time had no football department. The first Fla–Flu ever was played the following year, on July 7, 1912 at Laranjeiras stadium. Fluminense won this match 3–2, with 800 people in attendance.
Flamengo has a rivalry with Atlético Mineiro of Minas Gerais, developed in the 1980s from numerous controversial encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Brasileirão and Copa Libertadores editions. It remained through the following years, and is considered one of the biggest interstate rivalries in Brazilian football. The head-to-head record between Atlético Mineiro and Flamengo is 41 victories for Flamengo, 34 victories for Atlético, and 30 draws.
Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Main sponsor||Secondary sponsor||Minor sponsors|
|2011||Procter & Gamble||Tim |
Brazil Foodservice Group (BFG)
- Main sponsor – front of the shirt or back of the shirt over the numbers
- Secondary sponsor – sleeves or back of the shirt under the numbers
- Minor sponsors – shoulders, shorts, socks or inside the numbers
First team squad
- As of January 14, 2019
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Returning from loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Other Flamengo players with first-team appearances
12 – Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans (*) (**).
(*) In spite of having its number "12" retired, Flamengo has to re-issue it for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 30 consecutively.
South American competitions
- Winners: 1981
- Runners-up: 2017
- Winners: 1996
- Winners: 1981
** In 1987, CBF was in a serious financial crisis and could not organize the Brazilian Championship that year. As a result, 13 of the largest clubs in Brazil formed the "Club of 13" and managed their own championship called the Union Cup. Before the championship, CBF decided that the champion and runner-up of the Union Cup (recognized as the Green Module by CBF) would face the champion and the vice-champion of the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (Yellow Module – disputed by 14 smaller teams) in a quadrangular to determine qualification for the 1988 Copa Libertadores. The Club of 13 agreed at first but they later rejected that the winner of the Green-Yellow crossover would determine the official national champion, and Flamengo and Internacional (champion and runner-up of the Union Cup) refused to play against Sport Recife and Guarani (champion and runner-up of the Yellow Module). Flamengo's victory of the Union Cup, which was competed for by the most successful clubs in Brazil, is recognized as a national championship by the Club of 13, CND (Conselho Nacional de Desportos) and later by CBF in February 2011 as co-champions with Sport. Sport pursued legal action and in June 2011 CBF revoked their decision on account of a court decision by the STF (Supremo Tribunal Federal), who ruled that Sport Recife is the sole champion of the year 1987 as the Green Module is not considered the official national championship and the Green-Yellow crossover was agreed before competition started.
- Winners: 2001
- Winners: 1987
- Winners (2): 2015, 2016
State and regional competitions
- Winners (34): 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (C), 1979 (S), 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2017
- Runners-up (31): 1912, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1952, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2010, 2013
- Winners: 1961
- Runners-up (2): 1958, 1997
For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.
Average attendances per season
|Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.||Year||Avg. Att.|
(*) Information not available.
- 1 In 2004 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio Raulino de Oliveira.
- 2 In 2005 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio Luso-Brasileiro.
- 3 In 2010 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio do Maracanã, Estádio Raulino de Oliveira and Estádio Olímpico João Havelange.
- 4 Includes Série A average attendances only.
Average attendances at Brazilian League
Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times. From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. Strong campaigns in the Copa Libertadores and a national championship title in 2009 brought crowds averaging 40,000 per season, but the temporary closing of the Maracanã due to the 2014 FIFA World Cup forced the club to hold matches in smaller stadiums and even outside the state of Rio de Janeiro, bringing the average attendance down between the years of 2010 and 2012. A modernized but smaller Maracanã, more expensive tickets, disagreements between the club and administrators of the venue, and lackluster league campaigns brought crowds of around 30,000 in the 2013 and 2014 seasons, although multiple sellouts were observed.
- As of May 23, 2018
|Head coach||Dorival Júnior|
|Assistant coach||Maurício Souza|
|Goalkeeping coaches||Rogério Maia|
|Fitness coaches||Gustavo Araújo|
|Roberto Oliveira Junior|
|Medical staff manager||Marcio Tannure|
|Luiz Claudio Baldi|
|Walteriano da Silva|
|General manager||Carlos Noval|
|President||Eduardo Bandeira de Mello|
|Vice-president and vice-president of heritage||Walter D'Agostino|
|Vice-president of administration||Rafael Strauch|
|Vice-president of finance||Cláudio Pracownik|
|Vice-president of marketing||José Rodrigo Sabino|
|Vice-president of communications||Antonio Tabet|
|Vice-president of Olympic sports||Alexandre Póvoa|
|Vice-President of Fla-Gávea||Humberto Mota|
|Vice-president of the presidential cabinet||Plínio Serpa Pinto|
|Vice-president of the prosecutor general's office||Flávio de Araújo Willeman|
|Vice-president of rowing and vice-president of football||Flávio Godinho|
|Vice-president of the general secretary's office||Pedro Iootty|
|Vice-president of information technology||Pedro Almeida|
|Vice-president of external relations||Marcelo Haddad|
|Vice-president of planning||Flávio Godinho|
|Vice-president of equity||Alexandre Wrobel|
- As of October 29, 2015
Below is the presidential history of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo. The club had dozens of presidents, with variable permanence time. From 1895 to 1932, the terms lasted one year, from 1933 to 1956 two years, from 1957 to 1968 three years, from 1969 to 2000 was again two years and starting from 2001 again three years.
|1||Domingos Marques de Azevedo||November 17, 1895||1897|
|2||Augusto Lopes da Silveira||1898||1898|
|3||Júlio Gonçalves de A. Furtado||1899||1899|
|4||Antônio Ferreira Viana Filho||1900||1900||resigned|
|5||Jacintho Pinto de Lima Júnior||1900||1900|
|6||Fidelcino da Silva Leitão||1901||1901|
|7||Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva||1902
|8||Arthur John Lawrence Gibbons||1903||1903|
|10||José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha||1905||1905|
|11||Manuel Alves de Cruz Rios||1905||1905|
|12||Francis Hamilton Wálter||1906||1906|
|13||Edmundo de Azurém Furtado||1912
|14||José Pimenta de Melo Filho||1913||1913|
|15||Raul Ferreira Serpa||1916||1916|
|16||Carlos Leclerc Castelo Branco||1917||1917|
|17||Alberto Burle Figueiredo||1918
|19||Júlio Benedito Otoni||1923||1924||resigned|
|21||Nillor Rollin Pinheiro||1927||1927|
|22||Osvaldo dos Santos Jacinto||1928||1929||resigned|
|23||Carlos Eduardo Façanha Mamede||1929
|24||Alfredo Dolabella Portela||1930||1930||resigned|
|25||Manuel Joaquim de Almeida||1930||1930||resigned|
|26||Rubens de Campos Farrula||1931||1931|
|27||José de Oliveira Santos||1931
|28||Artur Lobo da Silva||1932||1932|
|29||Pascoal Segreto Sobrinho||1933||1933||resigned|
|30||José Bastos Padilha||1933||1938||resigned|
|31||Raul Dias Gonçalves||1938||1938|
|32||Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho||1939||1942|
|33||Dario de Mello Pinto||1943
|34||Marino Machado de Oliveira||1945||1946||resigned|
|35||Hilton Gonçalves dos Santos||1946
|36||Orsini de Araujo Coriolano||1947||1948|
|37||Gilberto Ferreira Cardoso||1951||November 16, 1955||deceased|
|38||Antenor Coelho||November 17, 1955||1955|
|39||José Alves Morais||1956||1957|
|40||George da Silva Fernandes||1960||1960||resigned|
|41||Oswaldo Gudolle Aranha||1961||1961|
|43||Luiz Roberto Veiga Brito||1966
|44||André Gustavo Richer||1969
|45||Hélio Maurício Rodrigues de Souza||1974||1976|
|47||Antônio Augusto D. de Abranches||1981||1983||resigned|
|48||Eduardo Fernando de M. Motta||1983||1983|
|50||Gilberto Cardoso Filho||1989
July 8, 2002
October 6, 2002
|51||Luiz Augusto Veloso||1993||1994|
|53||Edmundo dos Santos Silva||1999||July 7, 2002||impeached|
|54||Hélio Paulo Ferraz||October 7, 2002||2003|
|55||Delair Dumbrosck||February 2009
December 21, 2009
|56||Patricia Amorim||December 22, 2009||December 26, 2012|
|57||Eduardo Bandeira de Mello||December 27, 2012||2018|
Besides rowing and football, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as: gymnastics, basketball (see Flamengo Basketball), judo, swimming, volleyball and water polo.
- Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
- Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995–97
- State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940–43, 1963, 1965–69, 1971–81, 1983–97, 2003–04
- Carioca League: 1935–37
- Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980–87, 1989, 1991, 2002
- José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980–87, 1990, 2001, 2002
- State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938–40, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979–98, 2002–04
- Brazilian Championship: 2003
- Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
- Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
- Inter-Regional Championship 1995
- State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959–61, 1977, 1987–89, 1991–96, 2005
- State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
- Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959–61
- Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996
- South American Championship: 1981
- National Championship (8): 1948–52, 1978, 1980, 2001
- Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
- State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
- Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
- State Championship – B Series 1953
- Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956–57, 1960
- Municipal Championship: 1996
- Artistic Gymnastics
- Armando Coelho de Freitas
- César Cielo Filho
- Eliana Motta
- Eliete Motta
- Fernando Carsalade
- Fernando Scherer (Olympics medalist, Bronze; 50m freestyle- Atlanta 1996; 4 × 100 meters relay -Sydney 2000)
- Inge de Bruijn
- Maria Lenk
- Patrícia Amorim
- Ricardo Prado – (400m Medley – World Champion, Ecuador 1982 ;Olympics medalist, Silver, Los Angeles 1984)
- Rômulo Arantes
- Rômulo Arantes Filho
- Volleyball (women)
- Isabel Salgado
- Guilherme Augusto Silva "Buck"
- http://secure.rio2016.com/maracana/o-novo-estadio-do-maracana-tera-capacidade-para-78639-espectadores[permanent dead link]
- "Campeonato Brasileiro Série A" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol. Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Fla sofre derrota na Justiça, e Sport é declarado único campeão de 1987". UOL. March 4, 2016.
- Flores, Manoel (2015), Guia do Campeonato Brasileiro 2015: Série A, Série B, Série C, Série D (PDF), Confederação Brasileira de Futebol, p. 10, archived from the original (PDF) on December 10, 2015
- "Pesquisa IBOPE" (in Portuguese).
- "Pesquisa Datafolha".
- Clara Cerioni. "Flamengo é o time que mais fatura no Brasil". Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- SporTV, Rio de Janeiro. "Estudo coloca o Flamengo como a marca mais valiosa do futebol brasileiro em 201". Globoesporte.globo.com. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- "Fundado o Clube de Regatas do Flamengo". History Channel. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- "ORIGEM DO MENGÃO". clerioborges.com.br. Archived from the original on August 22, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- "História do Flamengo". ig.com.br. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Esquadrão Imortal – Flamengo 1953–1961". Imortais do futebol. March 2, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "When Flamengo and Zico ruled the world". WorldSoccer. July 14, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- "Flamengo da era Zico é campeão do mundo ao vencer Liverpool em 1981". O Globo. August 26, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Esquadrão Imortal – Flamengo 1980–1983". Imortais do futebol. April 21, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Players records". Flaestatística. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Flamengo anuncia contratação de Romário". Folha de São Paulo. January 10, 1995. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "'Ataque dos sonhos' faz a estréia hoje no Flamengo". Folha de São Paulo. August 27, 1995. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "Campeonato Carioca 1995, Fase Final". futpédia. June 25, 1995. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
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- "Flamengo Campeão da Copa Ouro de 1996". Baú do Futebol. August 16, 1996. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "Flamengo e ISL assinam contrato". Diário de Cuiabá. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "Em 2001, Flamengo vence o Palmeiras em Juiz de Fora e escapa do rebaixamento". globoesporte.com. December 2, 2001. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "Títulos" (in Portuguese). NetFla.com.br. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Redesign Flamengo". redesignfla.com. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
- Estádio da Gávea (in Portuguese). Flapédia.
- "Orange crush: Netherlands and Flamengo fans rub shoulders as Dutch open training to public". Fox News Channel. June 7, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- Campeonato Brasileiro 2008 @Flapédia (in Portuguese)
- Jogos do Flamengo em 2008 @Flapédia (in Portuguese)
- "Alçapão do Fla terá setor sem cadeira e torcida a seis metros do campo". globoesporte.com. January 3, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- "Brazil's Flamengo has most fans in world". SBS. February 27, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- "Torcida do Flamengo é Patrimônio Cultural da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro | Diário do Rio de Janeiro". Diariodorio.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- "The Vasco-Flamengo Rivalry". WorldSoccer. July 17, 2001. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- "Tim Vickery's Notes from South America: brief history of the Flamengo-Fluminense derby". WorldSoccer. March 21, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- "Atlético e Flamengo revivem clássico dos anos 80". ESPN. November 18, 2014. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Leandro, Stein (October 29, 2014). "Como os timaços de Fla e Galo criaram a maior rivalidade interestadual do Brasil" [How Fla's and Galo's superteams created the biggest interstate rivalry in Brazil]. Trivela (in Portuguese). Retrieved October 11, 2015.
- "Clube Atlético Mineiro – Flapédia" (in Portuguese). Flapédia. September 29, 2015. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
- Flamengo's uniforms since 1980 (in Portuguese)
- Flamengo/Olympikus Hotsite Archived July 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in Portuguese)
- Batavo é a nova patrocinadora do Flamengo Archived January 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Patrocínio é aprovado, e uniforme do Fla já estampará nova marca na quarta-feira (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Conselho aprova Banco BMG como novo patrocinador do Flamengo[permanent dead link] (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- Executiva diz que Fla deve agradecer a Ronaldo por novo patrocínio (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com.br. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Fla fecha patrocínio que renderá cerca de R$200 milhões ao clube em 6 anos". globoesporte.com. December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- "Flamengo's official website (bottom of the page)". Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- "Flamengo announce record Adidas deal". SportsPro. December 21, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Record deal sees Caixa become new Flamengo short Sponsor". Sports Business Insider. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Fla acerta contrato de patrocínio com empresa de engenharia". globoesporte.com. October 7, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Fla renova patrocinador e vai receber R$6 milhões por espaço na camisa". globoesporte.com. December 28, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Flamengo strike lucrative shirt deal with Carabao". SportsPro. January 3, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Fla fecha patrocínio para exibir marca de curso de línguas na barra da camisa". globoesporte.com. October 18, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Flamengo fecha patrocínio que renderá mais de R$2 milhões até o fim do ano". globoesporte.com. June 29, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Descomplica é o novo patrocinador do Flamengo". flamengo.com.br. May 23, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- "Flamengo First Team". flamengo.com.br. Flamengo. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Lista de Jugadores Copa Libertadores 2012" (Flamengo roster included) – CONMEBOL" (PDF). Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "Copa Libertadores de América". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Independiente campeón de la CONMEBOL Sudamericana 2017 | CONMEBOL". www.conmebol.com (in Spanish). Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Supercopa Libertadores (Supercopa João Havelange)". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Copa Mercosur". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Copa de Oro 1996". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Intercontinental Club Cup". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "CBF volta atrás e reconhece o Flamengo como campeão em 1987". Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "CBF reconhece Sport como 'único' campeão brasileiro de 1987 – Esportes – Estadão". Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "Copa do Brasil since 1989". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Rio de Janeiro State – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on February 16, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "Torneio Rio-São Paulo – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on March 6, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Médias de Público do Flamengo no Maracanã ano a ano@Flapédia (in Portuguese)
- Jogos do Flamengo em 2009 (in Portuguese)
- "Flamengo attendance in 2011" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Flamengo attendance in 2012" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Flamengo attendance in 2013" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Flamengo attendance in 2014" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Flamengo attendance in 2015" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Flamengo attendance in 2016" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- Comissão Futebol Profissional Archived January 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. (in Portuguese)
- "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo -". flamengo.com.br. Archived from the original on February 17, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Presidentes do Flamengo | Flapédia". Retrieved January 25, 2014.
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