1989

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita2742
Armenian calendar1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar6739
Bahá'í calendar145–146
Balinese saka calendar1910–1911
Bengali calendar1396
Berber calendar2939
British Regnal year37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2533
Burmese calendar1351
Byzantine calendar7497–7498
Chinese calendar戊辰(Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar1705–1706
Discordian calendar3155
Ethiopian calendar1981–1982
Hebrew calendar5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga5089–5090
Holocene calendar11989
Igbo calendar989–990
Iranian calendar1367–1368
Islamic calendar1409–1410
Japanese calendarShōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar1921–1922
Juche calendar78
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4322
Minguo calendarROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar521
Thai solar calendar2532
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
    — to —
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time599616000 – 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 which commanded the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected in South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the Apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela to power.

In contrast, the year saw the violent suppression of mass political protest in China, in June. The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 ended with a military crackdown resulting in the deaths of a number of protesters.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year,[1][2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies.[3]

1989 marked the beginning of the current Heisei period in Japan. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.

Events

January

January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States

February

March

Mass demonstration at State TV HQ

April

The death of Hu Yaobang sparks the beginning of the Tiananmen Square protests.

May

June

People's Liberation Army were to drive away students in Tiananmen Square.

July

August

September

October

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution.

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama.

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

Emperor Hirohito

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

Édouard Candeveau, 1924 Olympic gold medalist

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ "Company History". Sublime IP. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  2. ^ "Wired 7.08: Harmonic Convergence". Archive.wired.com. 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  3. ^ "Genetic Defect Screened Out; Healthy Twins Born". LA Times.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Crystal, David, ed. (1990). The Cambridge Encyclopedia. Cambridge University Press. p. RR69.
  5. ^ Wilkens, Herbert; Maennig, Wolfgang (1997). Transition in Eastern Europe: Current Issues and Perspectives. Duncker & Humblot. p. 71. ISBN 978-3-428-49107-0.
  6. ^ "The birth of the World Wide Web | CERN timelines". Timeline.web.cern.ch. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  7. ^ "Judge Rejects Keating Suit – Sees 'Looting' of Lincoln – NYTimes.com". 24 August 1990.
  8. ^ "Gene Therapy". Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  9. ^ "The Deseret News – Google News Archive Search".
  10. ^ "First McDonald's in Moscow, Russia ~". Bleskon.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  11. ^ "Gay Peru News & Reports 2011". Archive.globalgayz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  12. ^ "HDTV – High Definition Television". Birds-eye.net. 1989-06-03. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  13. ^ "Mourners Rip Shroud, Khomeini`s Body Falls", Chicago Tribune, June 7, 1989. Accessed 21 November 2012.
  14. ^ Belsie, Laurent (June 29, 2009). "Madoff's sentence: big, but not 141,078 years". The Christian Science Monitor.
  15. ^ a b c Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Heads of State: 1961-1994 (Accessed on 14 April 2017)
  16. ^ "Doe v. Michigan (E.D. Mich. 1989)". Bc.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  17. ^ a b "Soviets Line Up For Makeup – Estee Lauder Shop Draws Moscow Crowds". Philly.com. Articles.philly.com. 1989-11-17. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  18. ^ "The Danish Registered Partnership Act". 1989-06-07. Archived from the original on 2014-09-30. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  19. ^ Rule, Sheila (1989-10-02). "Rights for Gay Couples in Denmark". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  20. ^ "The Flag Burning Page". Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  21. ^ "The Barry Shein Home Page". Std.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  22. ^ "Spumco, Inc. in Encino, CA – Bizapedia Profile". Bizapedia.com. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  23. ^ "The Warsaw Voice". Warsawvoice.pl. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  24. ^ Hayes, Thomas C. (1990-02-28). "Wal-Mart Net Jumps By 31.8%". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  25. ^ Pareles, Jon (December 10, 1989). "Outlaw Rock: More Skirmishes on the Censorship Front POP VIEW; More Skirmishes on The Censorship Front". The New York Times.

Further reading

  • Ash, Timothy Garton. The Magic Lantern: The Revolution of '89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin, and Prague (1999) excerpt
  • Kenney, Padraic, ed. 1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End: A Brief History with Documents (2009)
  • Sebestyen, Victor. Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire (2010) excerpt

External links