|1776 by topic|
|Arts and Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2529|
|Balinese saka calendar||1697–1698|
|British Regnal year||16 Geo. 3 – 17 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)|
4472 or 4412
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4473 or 4413
|- Vikram Samvat||1832–1833|
|- Shaka Samvat||1697–1698|
|- Kali Yuga||4876–4877|
|Japanese calendar||An'ei 5|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||136 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2318–2319|
1902 or 1521 or 749
— to —
1903 or 1522 or 750
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1776.|
1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1776th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 776th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1776, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January 1 – American Revolutionary War – Burning of Norfolk: The town of Norfolk, Virginia is destroyed, by the combined actions of the British Royal Navy and occupying Patriot forces.
- January 10 – American Revolution – Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet Common Sense ("written by an Englishman" in Philadelphia), arguing for independence from British rule in the Thirteen Colonies.
- January 20 – American Revolution – South Carolina Loyalists led by Robert Cunningham sign a petition from prison, agreeing to all demands for peace by the formed state government of South Carolina.
- January 24 – American Revolution – Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts, with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga.
- February 17 – Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
- February 27 – American Revolution – Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge: Scottish North Carolina Loyalists charge across Moore's Creek Bridge near Wilmington, to attack what they mistakenly believe to be a small force of rebels. Several loyalist leaders are killed in the ensuing battle. The patriot victory virtually ends all British authority in the province.
- March – Restrictions on the cereal trade in Sweden are lifted.
- March 2–3 – American Revolutionary War:
- March 4 – American Revolutionary War – American Patriots capture Dorchester Heights, dominating the port of Boston.
- March 9 – Scottish economist Adam Smith publishes The Wealth of Nations in London.
- March 17 – American Revolutionary War – Threatened by Patriot cannons on Dorchester Heights, the British evacuate Boston, ending the 11‑month Siege of Boston.
- March 28 – Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
- April 12 – American Revolution – The Royal Colony of North Carolina produces the Halifax Resolves, making it the first British colony to officially authorize its Continental Congress delegates, to vote for independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- May 1 – Adam Weishaupt founds the Illuminati in Ingolstadt, Bavaria.
- May 4 – Rhode Island becomes the first American colony to renounce allegiance to King George III of Great Britain.
- May 15–26 – American Revolution – Battle of The Cedars: British forces skirmish with the American Continental Army around Les Cèdres, Quebec.
- June 6 – A fire destroys major parts of the town of Askersund, Sweden.
- June 7 – American Revolution – Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposes to the Second Continental Congress (meeting in Philadelphia) that "these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states."
- June 8 – American Revolution – Battle of Trois-Rivières: The invading American Continental Army is driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
- June 11 – American Revolution – The Continental Congress appoints a Committee of Five to draft a Declaration of Independence.
- June 12 – American Revolution – The Virginia Declaration of Rights (by George Mason) is adopted by the Virginia Convention of Delegates.
- June 15 – American Revolution – Delaware Separation Day: The Delaware General Assembly votes to suspend government under the British Crown.
- June 17 – Lt. José Joaquín Moraga leads a band of colonists from Monterey Presidio, landing on June 29 and, with Father Francisco Palóu, constructing the Mission San Francisco de Asís ("Mission Dolores") of the new Presidio of San Francisco, the oldest surviving building in the modern-day city.
- June 28 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Sullivan's Island: South Carolina militia repel a British attack on Charleston.
- June 29 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet: The American Continental Navy successfully challenges the British Royal Navy blockade off New Jersey.
- July 2 – American Revolution – The final U.S. Declaration of Independence (with minor revisions) is written. The Continental Congress passes the Lee Resolution.
- July 4 – American Revolution – United States Declaration of Independence: The Continental Congress ratifies the declaration by the United States of its independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- July 8 – American Revolution – The Liberty Bell rings in Philadelphia, for the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence.
- July 9 – American Revolution – An angry mob in New York City topples the equestrian statue of George III of Great Britain in Bowling Green.
- July 12 – Captain James Cook sets off from Plymouth, England, in HMS Resolution on his third voyage, to the Pacific Ocean and Arctic, which will be fatal.
- July 21 – Mozart's Serenade No. 7 (the "Haffner") is first performed in Salzburg, Austria.
- July 29 – Francisco Silvestre Vélez de Escalante, Francisco Atanasio Domínguez, and eight other Spaniards set out from Santa Fe, on an eighteen-hundred mile trek through the American Southwest. They are the first Europeans to explore the vast region between the Rockies and the Sierras.
- August 2 – Most of the American colonies ratify the Declaration of Independence.
- August 15 – American Revolution – The first Hessian troops land on Staten Island, to join British forces.
- August 27 – American Revolution – Battle of Long Island: Washington's troops are routed in Brooklyn by the British, under William Howe.
- August – The guild organisation Marchandes de modes is founded in Paris.
- September 1 – The invasion of the Cherokee Nation by 6,000 patriot troops from Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina begins. The troops destroy 36 Cherokee towns.
- September 6 – A hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6,000 people.
- September 7 – American Revolutionary War – World's first submarine attack: The American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe's flagship HMS Eagle, in New York Harbor.
- September 9 – The Continental Congress officially names its union of states the United States.
- September 11 – American Revolutionary War – An abortive peace conference takes place between the British and Americans, on Staten Island.
- September 15 – American Revolutionary War – Landing at Kip's Bay: British troops land on Manhattan at Kips Bay.
- September 16 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Harlem Heights: The Continental Army under Washington is victorious against the British on Manhattan.
- September 17 – The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
- September 22 – American Revolutionary War – Nathan Hale is executed by the British in New York City, for espionage.
- September 24
- The first running of the St Leger Stakes horse race (not yet named) in England, first of the British Classic Races, devised by Anthony St Leger (British Army officer), takes place on Cantley Common at Doncaster. The winner is a filly (later named Allabaculia) owned by the organiser, the 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.
- The Bolshoi Theatre company hosts its first annual opera season, with the opening of the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
- October 7 – Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
- October 9 – Father Francisco Palóu founds the Mission San Francisco de Asís, in what is now San Francisco.
- October 11 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Valcour Island: On Lake Champlain near Valcour Island, a British fleet led by Sir Guy Carleton defeats 15 American gunboats, commanded by Brigadier General Benedict Arnold. Although nearly all of Arnold's ships are destroyed, the two-day-long battle will give Patriot forces enough time to prepare the defenses of New York City.
- October 18 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Pell's Point: Troops of the American Continental Army resist a British and Hessian force in The Bronx.
- October 28 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of White Plains: British forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
- October 31 – In his first speech before British Parliament since the Declaration of Independence that summer, King George III acknowledges that all is not going well for Britain, in the war with the United States.
- November 16 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Fort Washington: Hessian forces under Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen capture Fort Washington (Manhattan) from the American Continental Army. The captain of the American navy ship Andrew Doria fires a salute to the Dutch flag on Fort Oranje, and Johannes de Graaff answers with 11 gun shots.
- November 20 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Fort Lee: The invasion of New Jersey, by British and Hessian forces, leads to the subsequent general retreat of the American Continental Army.
- December 5 – The Phi Beta Kappa Society is founded at the College of William & Mary in Virginia.
- December 6 – The General Assembly of Virginia votes to create Kentucky County as the portion of the colony's Fincastle County that is located west of the Cumberland Mountains.  In 1792, the county will become the 15th state of the United States as the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The rest of Fincastle County, between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Appalachians is divided into the first county to be named after George Washington (Washington County, Virginia) in the south along the border with the North Carolina colony, and Montgomery County in the north. The divisions take effect on December 31. 
- December 7 – American Revolutionary War – The Marquis de Lafayette attempts to enter the American military as a major general.
- December 12 – The second Continental Congress ends after a session that began on May 10, 1775, and continued for 582 days. 
- December 21 – American Revolution – The Royal Colony of North Carolina reorganizes into the State of North Carolina after adopting its own constitution. Richard Caswell becomes the first governor of the newly formed state.
- December 23 – American Revolution – Thomas Paine, living with Washington's troops, publishes the first in the series of pamphlets on The American Crisis, opening with the stirring phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls." (Text first published on December 19 in the Pennsylvania Journal.)
- December 25 – American Revolution: Gen. George Washington orders the first issue of The Crisis read to his troops on Christmas Eve, then at 6 p.m. all 2,600 of them march to McKonkey's Ferry, cross the Delaware River and land on the New Jersey bank at 3 a.m. the following morning.
- December 26 – American Revolutionary War – Battle of Trenton: Washington's troops surprise the 1,500 Hessian troops under the command of Col. Johann Rall at 8 a.m. outside Trenton and score a victory, taking 948 prisoners while suffering only five wounded.
- January 1 – James M. Broom, American politician (d. 1850)
- January 2 – Jeremiah Chaplin, American Reformed Baptist theologian (d. 1841)
- January 3 – Thomas Morris, American politician (d. 1844)
- January 4
- January 6
- January 8 – Thomas Langlois Lefroy, Irish politician (d. 1869)
- January 9 – Ludwig Rhesa, Prussian scholar (d. 1840)
- January 10 – George Birkbeck, English doctor, academic and philanthropist (d. 1841)
- January 15 – Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Roman-born British prince (d. 1834)
- January 16
- January 17 (bapt.) – Jane Porter, English novelist (d. 1850)
- January 21
- January 23 – Howard Douglas, British Army general (d. 1861)
- January 24
- January 25 – Joseph Görres, German writer and journalist (d. 1848)
- January 29 – William Bowie, American agrarian (d. 1826)
- February 4
- February 11 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, Governor of Greece (d. 1831)
- February 12
- February 14 – Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck, prolific German botanist (d. 1858)
- February 15 – Jean-Pierre Boyer, President of Haiti (d. 1850)
- February 16 – Abraham Raimbach, British engraver (d. 1843)
- February 17
- February 18 – Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke, German general (d. 1830)
- February 20 – Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca, Spanish colonial governor of Cuba (d. 1846)
- February 21 – Joseph Barss, Canadian privateer, sea captain (d. 1824)
- February 23
- February 25 – George William Tighe, English expatriate (d. 1837)
- February 26
- February 28 – François Quirouet, Canadian politician (d. 1844)
- March 1
- March 3 – James Parker, American politician (d. 1868)
- March 4 – Guillaume Emmanuel Guignard, vicomte de Saint-Priest, Russian army commander (d. 1814)
- March 5 – Gerard Troost, American mineralogist (d. 1850)
- March 6 – Luigi Lambruschini, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1854)
- March 7 – Timothy Ruggles, Canadian politician (d. 1831)
- March 8
- March 9
- March 10
- March 12 – Lady Hester Stanhope, English archaeologist (d. 1839)
- March 15 – Aimé Picquet du Boisguy, French chouan general during the French Revolution (d. 1839)
- March 17 – Joel Abbot, American politician (d. 1826)
- March 19 – Philemon Beecher, American politician (d. 1839)
- March 20
- Joshua Bates, American educator (d. 1854)
- Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, English politician (d. 1839)
- March 21 – John Frederick Frelinghuysen, United States general (d. 1833)
- March 23
- March 24 – Zusho Hirosato, Japanese samurai (d. 1849)
- March 27 – Charles-François Brisseau de Mirbel, French botanist, politician (d. 1854)
- March 30 – Vasily Tropinin, Russian artist (d. 1857)
- March 31 – Joseph Küffner, German musician, composer (d. 1856)
- April 1
- April 3
- April 6 – Jesse Bledsoe, American politician (d. 1836)
- April 11
- April 12
- April 13 – Wilhelm von Schütz, German author, playwright (d. 1847)
- April 15 – John Anstruther-Thomson, Scottish nobleman, Colonel of the Royal Fifeshire Yeomanry Cavalry (d. 1833)
- April 17 – Jean-François Roger, French poet, politician (d. 1842)
- April 20
- April 25
- April 27
- April 28
- May 4 – Johann Friedrich Herbart, German philosopher, psychologist (d. 1841)
- May 5 – Valentine Efner, American politician (d. 1865)
- May 6
- May 8
- May 9 – Thomas Maguire, Canadian Catholic priest (d. 1854)
- May 10 – George Thomas Smart, English musician (d. 1867)
- May 13 – Jett Thomas, American militia general (d. 1817)
- May 17 – Amos Eaton, American botanist (d. 1842)
- May 18 – Dennis Pennington, American politician (d. 1854)
- May 20
- May 29 – Peter Erasmus Müller, Danish historian, linguist and theologian (d. 1834)
- May 31 – José Antonio de la Garza, American mayor (d. 1851)
- June 1
- June 4 – Isaac B. Van Houten, American politician (d. 1850)
- June 6 – William Reed, American politician (d. 1837)
- June 8 – Thomas Rickman, English architect, architectural antiquary (d. 1841)
- June 11 – John Constable, English landscape painter (d. 1837)
- June 12
- June 19 – Francis Johnson, American politician (d. 1842)
- June 21
- June 23 – Stephen Longfellow, American politician (d. 1849)
- June 28 – Charles Mathews, English actor (d. 1835)
- June 29 – George Okill Stuart, Canadian clergyman (d. 1862)
- July 1
- July 3 – Henry Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton, Anglo-Irish politician (d. 1842)
- July 4
- July 5
- July 10 – Samuel Powell, American politician (d. 1841)
- July 11 – William Bradbery, English entrepreneur (d. 1860)
- July 12 – John Christian, Manx judge (d. 1852)
- July 13 – Caroline of Baden, Queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
- July 14 – Pierre Yrieix Daumesnil, French soldier (d. 1832)
- July 16
- July 17 – John Neilson, Canadian politician (d. 1848)
- July 18 – John Struthers, Scottish poet (d. 1853)
- July 20 – Ignaz Schuppanzigh, Austrian musician (d. 1830)
- July 22
- Etheldred Benett, English geologist (d. 1845)
- Friedrich Hermann Otto, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (d. 1838)
- July 26 – Pierre Fouquier, French physician, professor of medicine (d. 1850)
- July 29 – James McSherry, American politician (d. 1849)
- July 30 – Sir Edward Kerrison, 1st Baronet, British general (d. 1853)
- August 1
- August 2
- August 4 – Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French writer and counterrevolutionary philosopher (d. 1847)
- August 5
- August 6 – William Crooks, Canadian politician (d. 1836)
- August 9
- August 12
- August 13 – Abraham Shepherd, American politician (d. 1847)
- August 14
- August 15
- August 16
- August 18
- August 21
- August 22 – Carlo Amati, Italian architect (d. 1852)
- August 23
- August 25 – Thomas Bladen Capel, British admiral (d. 1853)
- August 26
- August 27 – Barthold Georg Niebuhr, Danish-German statesman, historian (d. 1831)
- August 29 – Georg Friedrich Treitschke, German librettist (d. 1842)
- September 1
- September 3 – Étienne Mayrand, Canadian politician (d. 1872)
- September 4 – Stephen Whitney, American merchant (d. 1860)
- September 5 – Augustus Simon Frazer, French-born British Army officer (d. 1835)
- September 8
- September 9
- September 11 – Thomas Arbuthnot, British Army general (d. 1849)
- September 15
- September 17 – Langdon Cheves, American politician (d. 1857)
- September 18 – Thomas Gleadowe-Newcomen, 2nd Viscount Newcomen, English politician (d. 1825)
- September 21
- September 27
- October 1 – Augustus Warren Baldwin, Upper Canada naval officer, political figure (d. 1866)
- October 3 – Thomas Walsh, Vicar Apostolic of England and Wales (d. 1849)
- October 4
- October 6
- October 8 – Pieter van Os, Dutch painter, engraver (d. 1839)
- October 12 – Jean-Michel Mahé, French Navy officer, captain (d. 1833)
- October 13
- October 14
- October 18 – Cowles Mead, American politician (d. 1844)
- October 20 – John Rolls of The Hendre, British judge (d. 1837)
- October 21 – George Izard, United States general (d. 1828)
- October 22 – Edward Draper, British military officer, civil servant in Mauritius (d. 1841)
- October 25 – Patrick Neill, Scottish printer, horticulturalist (d. 1851)
- October 28 – Joachim Haspinger, Catholic priest, leader of the Tyrolese revolt against Napoleon (d. 1858)
- October 30
- October 31 – Francis Locke Jr., American politician (d. 1823)
- November 1 – Abraham McClellan, American politician (d. 1851)
- November 5 – Abraham Teerlink, Dutch painter (d. 1857)
- November 7
- November 10
- November 11 – Philip E. Thomas, American banker, railroad executive (d. 1861)
- November 14 – Henri Dutrochet, French physician (d. 1847)
- November 15
- November 17
- Friedrich Christoph Schlosser, German historian (d. 1861)
- Robert Trimble, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1828)
- November 20
- November 24
- November 29 – Harcourt Lees, Irish clergyman, political pamphleteer (d. 1852)
- November 30
- December 1
- December 2 – Louis Alexis Baudoin, French naval officer (d. 1805)
- December 3
- December 5 – Konrad Johann Martin Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1851)
- December 6 – Theodorick Bland, United States federal judge (d. 1846)
- December 7 – Reuben Whallon, American politician (d. 1843)
- December 8
- December 10
- December 12 – Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, English lawyer, politician (d. 1846)
- December 13 – James Hawkes, American politician (d. 1865)
- December 14 – Ingelbrecht Knudssøn, Norwegian politician (d. 1826)
- December 16
- December 19
- December 20 – José María del Castillo y Rada, President of Colombia (d. 1833)
- December 25 – John Slater, American businessman (d. 1843)
- December 26 – Charles Hamilton Smith, British artist (d. 1859)
- December 27 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
- December 29 – Gustaf af Wetterstedt, Swedish politician (d. 1837)
- December 30 – William Drayton, American politician (d. 1846)
- December 31 – Johann Spurzheim, German physician (d. 1832)
- January 14 – Edward Cornwallis, British military officer, first Governor of Nova Scotia (b. 1713)
- January 21 – Jacques de Romas, French physicist (b. 1713)
- February 18 – Lady Anne Monson, English botanist (b. 1726)
- March 10
- March 24 – John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
- March 26 – Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
- April 29 – Edward Wortley Montagu, English traveller and writer (b. 1713)
- May 4 – Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)
- May 25 – Richard FitzWilliam, 6th Viscount FitzWilliam (b. 1711)
- June 2 – Continental Army General John Thomas, from smallpox (b. 1724)
- June 3 – Elizabeth Scott, British-American poet, hymnwriter (b. 1708)
- June 10 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
- June 20 – Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor, manufacturer (b. 1704)
- July 7 – Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
- July 10 – Richard Peters, English-born American clergyman (b. 1704)
- July 15 – Richard Bampfylde, British politician (b. 1722)
- July 21 – Benedicta Margareta von Löwendal, German industrialist (b. 1683)
- August 1 – Francis Salvador, American patriot (b. 1747)
- August 2 – Louis François, Prince of Conti, French military leader (b. 1717)
- August 25 – David Hume, Scottish philosopher (b. 1711)
- September 22 – Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, writer and patriot (executed) (b. 1755)
- October 10 - Karl Gotthelf von Hund, German Freemason (b. 1722)
- October 17 – Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
- October 30 – Simón de Anda y Salazar, Governor-General of the Philippines (b. 1701)
- November 15 – Fernando de Silva, 12th Duke of Alba, Spanish duke (b. 1714)
- November 17 – James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (b. 1710)
- November 23 – Théophile de Bordeu, French physician (b. 1722)
- December 5 – Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Northumberland, British duchess; Lady of the Bedchamber (b. 1716)
- December 10 – Robert Hay Drummond, Archbishop of York (b. 1711)
- date unknown – Muhammad al-Warghi, Tunisian writer and poet (b. c. 1713)
- "Timeline of the American Revolutionary War". Independence Hall. Archived from the original on May 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-01.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 330–331. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Askersunds historia" (in Swedish). Föreningen Gamla Askersund. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Saunt, Claudio (2014). West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 9780393240207.
- "Mariinsky Theatre: History of the Theatre". Mariinsky Theatre. Archived from the original on December 3, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Rice, Hank (June 2000), Footnotes in History: "The First Salute", Sons of the American Revolution
- Lewis Preston Summers, History of Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, Washington County, 1777-1870 (1903, reprinted by The Overmountain Press, 1989) p254
- ""An Act for dividing the county of Fincastle into three distinct counties, and the parish of Botetourt into four distinct parishes"".
- Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A. D. to 1909, ed. by Benson John Lossing and, Woodrow Wilson (Harper & Brothers, 1910) p166