Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

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Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the Italian Republic
Emblem of Italy.svg
Enzo Moavero Milanesi 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Enzo Moavero Milanesi

since June 1, 2018
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
SeatRome
AppointerThe President of Italy
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1861
(157 years ago)
 (1861)
First holderCamillo Benso, Count of Cavour
Websitewww.esteri.it

The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet.[1]

Kingdom of Italy

Parties
  • 1861–1912:

  Historical Right   Historical Left   Military

  • 1912–1922:

  Liberal Union   Radical Party   Democratic Liberal Party

  • 1922–1943:

  National Fascist Party (sole legal party)

  • 1943–1946:

  Labour Democratic Party   Christian Democracy   Independent   Military

Governments

  Rightist coalition   Leftist coalition   Liberal coalition   Fascist   Military   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Camillo Benso
Count of Cavour

(1810–1861)
Camillo Benso Cavour di Ciseri.jpg 17 March 1861 6 June 1861 Historical Right Cavour IV
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg 12 June 1861 3 March 1862 Historical Right Cavour IV
Ricasoli I
Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
Urbano Rattazzi-lookingleft.jpg 3 March 1862 31 March 1862 Historical Left Rattazzi I
Giacomo Durando
(1807–1894)
Pistolesi Saverio - generale Giacomo Durando - litografia - 1860.jpg 31 March 1862 8 December 1862 Historical Right
Giuseppe Pasolini
(1815–1876)
Giuseppe Pasolini.gif 8 December 1862 24 March 1863 Historical Right Farini
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 24 March 1863 28 September 1864 Historical Right Minghetti I
Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
(1804–1878)
Alfonso La Marmora.jpg 28 September 1864 20 June 1866 Historical Right La Marmora I·II
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg 20 June 1866 28 June 1866 Historical Right Ricasoli II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 28 June 1866 10 April 1867 Historical Right
Federico Pescetto
(1817–1882)
Federico Pescetto.gif 10 April 1867 12 April 1867 Historical Right Rattazzi II
Pompeo Di Campello
(1803–1884)
Pompeo Di Campello.jpg 12 April 1867 27 October 1867 Historical Left
Luigi Federico Menabrea
(1809–1896)
Luigi Federico Menabrea.gif 27 October 1867 14 December 1869 Historical Right Menabrea I·II·III
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 14 December 1869 20 November 1876 Historical Right Lanza
Minghetti II
Luigi Amedeo Melegari
(1805–1881)
Luigi Amedeo Melegari.gif 20 November 1876 28 December 1877 Historical Left Depretis I
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 28 December 1877 24 March 1878 Historical Left Depretis II
Luigi Corti
(1823–1888)
Luigi Corti.gif 24 March 1878 24 October 1878 Historical Left Cairoli I
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
Benedetto Cairoli iii.jpg 24 October 1878 19 December 1878 Historical Left
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 19 December 1878 14 July 1879 Historical Left Depretis III
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
Benedetto Cairoli iii.jpg 14 July 1879 29 May 1881 Historical Left Cairoli II·III
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini
(1817–1888)
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini.jpg 29 May 1881 29 June 1885 Historical Left Depretis IV·V·VI
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 29 June 1885 6 October 1885 Historical Left Depretis VII
Carlo Felice Nicolis,
Count of Robilant

(1826–1887)
Carlo Felice Nicolis di Robilant.jpg 6 October 1885 4 April 1887 Military
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 4 April 1887 29 July 1887 Historical Left Depretis VIII
Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
Francesco Crispi.jpg 29 July 1887 6 February 1891 Historical Left Crispi I·II
Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
(1839–1908)
Rudini.jpg 6 February 1891 15 May 1892 Historical Right Rudinì I
Benedetto Brin
(1833–1898)
Benedetto Brin 2.png 15 May 1892 15 December 1893 Military Giolitti I
Alberto Blanc
(1835–1904)
Alberto Blanc.gif 15 December 1893 10 March 1896 Historical Left Crispi III·IV
Onorato Caetani
(1842–1917)
Onorato Caetani.jpg 10 March 1896 11 July 1896 Historical Right Rudinì II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 11 July 1896 1 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì III·IV
Raffaele Cappelli
(1848–1921)
RaffeleCappelli.jpg 1 June 1898 29 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì V
Felice Napoleone Canevaro
(1838–1926)
Felice Napoleone Canevaro.jpg 29 June 1898 14 May 1899 Military Pelloux I
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 11 May 1899 15 February 1901 Historical Right Pelloux II
Saracco
Giulio Prinetti
(1851–1908)
Giulio Prinetti.jpg 15 February 1901 9 February 1903 Historical Left Zanardelli
Enrico Morin
(1841–1910)
Enrico Morin.jpg 9 February 1903 3 September 1903 Military
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg 3 September 1903 27 March 1905 Historical Right Giolitti II
Tittoni
Alessandro Fortis
(1842–1909)
Alessandro Fortis.jpg 27 March 1905 24 December 1905 Historical Left Fortis I
Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
Antonino Paternò Castello di San Giuliano.png 24 December 1905 8 February 1906 Historical Right Fortis II
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
Conte Francesco Guicciardini.jpg 8 February 1906 29 May 1906 Historical Right Sonnino I
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg 29 May 1906 10 December 1909 Historical Right Giolitti III
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
Conte Francesco Guicciardini.jpg 11 December 1909 31 March 1910 Historical Right Sonnino II
Antonio Paternò Castello
di San Giuliano

(1852–1914)
Antonino Paternò Castello di San Giuliano.png 31 March 1910 17 October 1914 Historical Right Luzzatti
Liberal Union Giolitti IV
Salandra I
Antonio Salandra
(1853–1931)
Antonio Salandra.jpg 17 October 1914 31 October 1914 Liberal Union Salandra I
Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
Sidney sonnino.jpg 31 October 1914 23 June 1919 Liberal Union Salandra II
Boselli
Orlando
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg 23 June 1919 26 June 1919 Liberal Union Nitti I
Francesco Nitti
(1868–1953)
Francesco Saverio Nitti.jpg 26 June 1919 26 September 1919 Italian Radical Party
Vittorio Scialoja
(1856–1933)
Vittorio Scialoja 1927.jpg 26 September 1919 15 June 1920 Liberal Union Nitti I·II
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
Carlo Sforza 1921.jpg 15 June 1920 4 July 1921 Democratic Liberal Party Giolitti V
Pietro Tomasi della Torretta
(1873–1962)
Pietro Tomasi Torretta.jpg 7 July 1921 22 February 1922 Liberal Union Bonomi I
Carlo Schanzer
(1865–1953)
Carlo Schanzer.jpg 26 February 1922 28 October 1922 Liberal Union Facta I·II
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Benito Mussolini crop.jpg 30 October 1922 12 September 1929 National Fascist Party Mussolini
Dino Grandi
(1895–1988)
Dino Grandi.jpg 12 September 1929 20 July 1932 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Mussolini biografia.jpg 20 July 1932 9 June 1936 National Fascist Party
Galeazzo Ciano
(1903–1944)
Galeazzo Ciano 2.jpg 9 June 1936 6 February 1943 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Mussolini biografia.jpg 6 February 1943 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
Raffaele Guariglia
(1889–1970)
GUARIGLIA Raffaele.jpg 28 July 1943 11 February 1944 Independent Badoglio I
Pietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
Pietro Badoglio 3.jpg 11 February 1944 8 June 1944 Military Badoglio I
Badoglio II
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
Ivanoe Bonomi portrait.png 18 June 1944 10 December 1944 Labour Democratic Party Bonomi II
Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg 12 December 1944 1 June 1946 Christian Democracy Bonomi III
Parri
De Gasperi I

Italian Republic

Parties
  • 1946-1994:

  Christian Democracy   Socialist Party   Republican Party   Liberal Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Independent

  • Since 1994:

  People's Party   Forza Italia/The People of Freedom   Italian Renewal   The Olive Tree   Democrats of the Left/Democratic Party   National Alliance   Italian Radicals   New Centre-Right/Popular Alternative   Independent

Governments

  Centrist coalition   Centre-right coalition   Centre-left coalition   Populist coalition   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg 2 June 1946 18 October 1946 Christian Democracy De Gasperi II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
Pietro Nenni 2.jpg 18 October 1946 28 January 1947 Italian Socialist Party
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
Carlo Sforza 1921.jpg 2 February 1947 26 July 1951 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi III
De Gasperi IV·V·VI
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg 26 July 1951 17 August 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VII·VIII
Giuseppe Pella (as PM)
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg 17 August 1953 18 January 1954 Christian Democracy Pella
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
Attilio Piccioni.jpg 18 January 1954 16 September 1954 Christian Democracy Fanfani I
Scelba
Gaetano Martino
(1900–1967)
Gaetano Martino.jpg 16 September 1954 15 May 1957 Italian Liberal Party Scelba
Segni I
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg 19 May 1957 1 July 1958 Christian Democracy Zoli
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg 1 July 1958 15 February 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg 15 February 1959 25 March 1960 Christian Democracy Segni II
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
Antonio Segni Official.jpg 25 March 1960 7 May 1962 Christian Democracy Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg 7 May 1962 29 May 1962 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
Attilio Piccioni.jpg 29 May 1962 4 December 1963 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Leone I
Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Giuseppe Saragat.jpg 4 December 1963 28 December 1964 Italian Socialist Democratic Party Moro I·II
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg 28 December 1964 5 March 1965 Christian Democracy Moro II
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg 5 March 1965 30 December 1965 Christian Democracy
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg 30 December 1965 23 February 1966 Christian Democracy
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg 23 February 1966 24 June 1968 Christian Democracy Moro III
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
Giuseppe Medici.jpg 24 June 1968 12 December 1968 Christian Democracy Leone II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
Pietro Nenni 2.jpg 12 December 1968 5 August 1969 Italian Socialist Party Rumor I
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg 5 August 1969 26 June 1972 Christian Democracy Rumor II·III
Colombo
Andreotti I
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
Giuseppe Medici.jpg 26 July 1972 7 July 1973 Christian Democracy Andreotti II
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg 7 July 1973 23 November 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor IV·V
Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
Mariano Rumor daticamera.jpg 23 November 1974 29 July 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925– )
Forlani.jpg 29 July 1976 4 August 1979 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV·V
Franco Maria Malfatti
(1927–1991)
Franco Maria Malfatti crop.jpg 4 August 1979 15 January 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga I
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–2011)
Attilio Ruffini.jpg 15 January 1980 4 April 1980 Christian Democracy
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
Emilio Colombo 2.jpg 4 April 1980 4 August 1983 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
Giulio Andreotti, ca 1987.jpg 4 August 1983 22 July 1989 Christian Democracy Craxi I·II
Fanfani
Goria
De Mita
Gianni De Michelis
(1940– )
Gianni De Michelis.jpg 22 July 1989 28 June 1992 Italian Socialist Party Andreotti VI·VII
Vincenzo Scotti
(1933– )
Vincenzo Scotti.jpg 28 June 1992 29 July 1992 Christian Democracy Amato I
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
Giuliano Amato 2001.jpg 29 July 1992 1 August 1992 Italian Socialist Party
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
Emilio Colombo 2.jpg 1 August 1992 28 April 1993 Christian Democracy
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
Beniamino Andreatta 970307-D-2987S-022.jpg 28 April 1993 19 April 1994 Christian Democracy Ciampi
Leopoldo Elia
(1925–2008)
Leopoldo Elia.jpg 19 April 1994 10 May 1994 Italian People's Party
Antonio Martino
(1942– )
Antonio Martino 2001.jpg 10 May 1994 17 January 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Susanna Agnelli
(1922–2009)
Susanna Agnelli.jpg 17 January 1995 17 May 1996 Independent Dini
Lamberto Dini
(1931– )
Lamberto Dini 1996.jpg 17 May 1996 6 June 2001 Italian Renewal Prodi I
D'Alema I·II
Amato II
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
Giuliano Amato 2001.jpg 6 June 2001 11 June 2001 The Olive Tree Amato II
Renato Ruggiero
(1930–2013)
Renato Ruggiero.jpg 11 June 2001 6 January 2002 Independent Berlusconi II
Silvio Berlusconi (as PM)
(1936– )
Berlusconi-2010-1.jpg 6 January 2002 14 November 2002 Forza Italia
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
Franco Frattini 2008.jpg 14 November 2002 18 November 2004 Forza Italia
Gianfranco Fini
(1952– )
Gianfranco Fini 2016.jpg 18 November 2004 17 May 2006 National Alliance Berlusconi II·III
Massimo D'Alema
(1949– )
Massimo D'Alema 2006.jpg 17 May 2006 8 May 2008 Democrats of the Left/
Democratic Party
Prodi II
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
Franco Frattini 2008.jpg 8 May 2008 16 November 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata
(1946– )
Terzi-Ita.jpg 16 November 2011 27 March 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Monti (as PM)
(1943– )
Mario Monti - Terre alte 2013.JPG 27 March 2013 28 April 2013 Independent
Emma Bonino
(1948– )
Emma Bonino 2006.jpg 28 April 2013 22 February 2014 Italian Radicals Letta
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Federica Mogherini
(1973– )
Federica Mogherini daticamera.jpg 22 February 2014 31 October 2014 Democratic Party Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
(1954– )
Paolo Gentiloni Silveri daticamera.jpg 31 October 2014 12 December 2016 Democratic Party
Angelino Alfano
(1970– )
Angelino Alfano in 2017.jpg 12 December 2016 1 June 2018 New Centre-Right/
Popular Alternative
Gentiloni
Enzo Moavero Milanesi
(1954– )
Enzo Moavero Milanesi 2018.jpg 1 June 2018 Incumbent Independent Conte

References

See also