Julius Lewkowitsch

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Julius Lewkowitsch
Born(1857-09-04)4 September 1857
Ostrowo, Kingdom of Prussia
Died16 September 1913(1913-09-16) (aged 56)
Chamonix, Haute-Savoie, French Third Republic
CitizenshipPrussian; naturalised British
Alma materUniversity of Breslau
Known forThe Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils, Fats, and Waxes (five editions, 1895–1921)
Spouse(s)Katherine Julia Morris
ChildrenElsa Lewkowitsch, Jason Farradane
AwardsLavoisier Medal (1909)
Scientific career
FieldsChemistry of oils and fats
Thesis (1879)
Academic advisorsVictor von Richter

Dr Julius Isidor Lewkowitsch (1857–1913) was a German chemical engineer, specialising in vegetable and animal oils and fats, who settled in Victorian England. He was the author of The Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils, Fats, and Waxes, a standard text that went through five editions in the years 1895–1921.[1]

Life

Julius Lewkowitsch was born in Ostrowo (then in the Kingdom of Prussia) on 4 September 1857, into a Jewish family.[2] In 1879 he obtained a doctorate from Breslau University, where he studied under Victor von Richter.[3] After short periods as a secondary-school teacher and as a research assistant to Victor Meyer at Heidelberg University, Lewkowitsch became an industrial researcher. In 1887 he moved to England as Technical Manager to the soap manufacturers Joseph Watson & Sons in Leeds, where he developed a way of preparing glycerin from soap lye without the use of arsenic. In 1889 he became a member of the Society of Chemical Industry. In 1895 he set up in business as a consulting chemist in Manchester, moving to London in 1898. He established his own laboratory in West Hampstead.[4]

On 5 May 1902 Lewkowitsch married Katherine Julia Morris. Their two children were Elsa Lewkowitsch and Jason Farradane.[5] Lewkowitsch died at Chamonix on 15 September 1913.[6]

In 1980 the Society of Chemical Industry's biennial Julius Lewkowitsch Memorial Lecture was established in his memory in accordance with a bequest by his daughter, Elsa.

Awards

Publications

  • The Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils, Fats, and Waxes, first edition 1895.

Lewkowitsch was a contributor to the 11th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1911).

References

  1. ^ William D. Rubinstein, Michael A. Jolles and Hilary L. Rubinstein (eds.), Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), s.v. Lewkowitsch.
  2. ^ William D. Rubinstein, Michael Jolles, Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History, Palgrave Macmillan (2011), p. 592
  3. ^ Carter Litchfield collection on the history of fatty materials, Accession 2413 – Biographical note: Julius Lewkowitsch. Accessed 10 January 2017.
  4. ^ Carter Litchfield collection on the history of fatty materials, Accession 2413 – Biographical note: Julius Lewkowitsch. Accessed 10 January 2017.
  5. ^ Carter Litchfield collection on the history of fatty materials, Accession 2413 – Biographical note: Julius Lewkowitsch. Accessed 10 January 2017.
  6. ^ Obituary in The Analyst, 38/482 (Nov. 1913)

External links